What is Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring(LVT)? A |Complete Guide

What is Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring (1)
What is Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring (1)

The world of home and commercial flooring has significantly evolved over the years, offering a myriad of innovative options catered to diverse needs and aesthetic preferences. One of these options is Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT) Flooring – a modern, synthetic flooring material that’s attracting notable attention.

It’s an adaptation of standard Vinyl Tile Flooring, bearing additional features and enhancements that cater to the premium segment of the flooring market.

Ranging from its construction, and variety of designs, to its origin, this discussion seeks to demystify what LVT flooring truly is, while highlighting its distinguishing features, to help fortify your understanding of this popular flooring choice.

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Key Takeaways

  • Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT) flooring is a popular choice among homeowners, designers, and architects.
  • LVT flooring is designed to mimic the look of natural surfaces such as wood, stone, and ceramic tiles.
  • LVT flooring is made up of multiple layers, including a wear layer, a printed or embossed design layer, a core layer, and a backing layer.

Definition of Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring

Luxury Vinyl Tile, or LVT flooring, is a premium vinyl flooring product crafted to emulate the appearance of natural materials like wood and stone. Its structure incorporates several layers including a vinyl backing, a vinyl core, a printed vinyl design layer, and a top layer made of urethane or aluminum oxide for added strength.

These layers are melded together using a procedure known as co-extrusion, and advanced 3D imaging technology is employed to reproduce the natural material look on the design layer, resulting in a vast and varied range of designs.

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Demystifying Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring

Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring

LVT is often compared to other types of flooring, such as ceramic tile or hardwood, because of its durability, water resistance, and low maintenance requirements.

Unlike ceramic tile, LVT is softer and more comfortable underfoot, and it is less likely to crack or chip.

Unlike hardwood, LVT does not require regular refinishing or polishing, and it is less susceptible to moisture damage.

The initial concept of LVT flooring emerged in the 1970s and has undergone significant transformations since then.

What sets LVT apart from other flooring options is its robustness. Not only is it resistant to water and scratches, but it’s also friendly to the feet and comes with a phenomenal selection of customization options.

The high-grade quality and adaptability of LVT flooring make it an appealing choice for residential and commercial settings.

Other enticing features of LVT encompass its simple installation, low upkeep, and ability to endure heavy foot traffic while maintaining its appeal. As a result, it’s often perceived as a significant improvement over traditional vinyl flooring.

Types of Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring

Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT) is a durable and versatile flooring option that can mimic the look of natural materials like wood, stone, and ceramic. LVT is available in a variety of styles, sizes, and installation methods. Here are the three most common types of LVT:

1. Glue Down LVT Flooring

Glue Down LVT

Glue Down LVT is installed by applying adhesive to the subfloor and laying the tiles or planks on top. This method creates a permanent bond between the flooring and the subfloor, making it a great choice for high-traffic areas and commercial spaces. Glue Down LVT is also resistant to moisture, making it ideal for bathrooms, kitchens, and basements.

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2. Floating LVT Flooring

floating lvt flooring

Floating LVT is installed without adhesive and instead uses a locking system to hold the tiles or planks together. This method allows for easy installation and removal, making it a popular choice for DIY projects. Floating LVT is also a good option for uneven subfloors since it can be installed over most existing flooring materials.

3. Loose Lay LVT Flooring

loose lay lvt flooring

Loose Lay LVT is installed without adhesive or a locking system and instead relies on the weight of the tiles or planks to keep them in place. This method is quick and easy to install and can be removed and reused without damaging the flooring or subfloor. Loose Lay LVT is also a good choice for areas where moisture is a concern since it allows for easy access to the subfloor for cleaning and maintenance.

Overall, LVT is a durable and stylish flooring option that can fit a variety of design and installation needs. By choosing the right type of LVT for your space, you can enjoy a beautiful and functional floor for years to come.

Benefits of Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring

Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT) flooring has become an increasingly popular choice for homeowners and designers alike. Here are some of the benefits of LVT flooring:


LVT flooring is known for its durability. It is resistant to scratches, stains, and dents, making it an excellent choice for high-traffic areas. Additionally, LVT flooring is resistant to moisture and can withstand exposure to sunlight without fading.

Water Resistance

One of the most significant benefits of LVT flooring is its water resistance. LVT flooring is waterproof, making it ideal for use in areas prone to moisture, such as bathrooms, kitchens, and basements. This feature also makes LVT flooring easy to clean and maintain.

Variety of Styles

LVT flooring comes in a wide variety of styles, colors, and patterns, making it easy to find a design that fits any decor. LVT flooring can be made to look like natural materials such as wood, stone, or ceramic tile, without the high cost and maintenance associated with those materials.

In conclusion, LVT flooring offers a durable, water-resistant, and stylish flooring option for homeowners and designers. With its many benefits, LVT flooring is an excellent choice for any room in the home.

Challenges Associated With LVT Flooring.

While the material itself is relatively affordable, the installation costs can be high. Some types of LVT require a professional installer to ensure the flooring is laid correctly and will be durable over time.

If poorly installed, the look and longevity of the flooring could be compromised. Additionally, while LVT is resistant to many types of damage, it can be susceptible to dents from heavy furniture or appliances, particularly when compared to harder flooring options such as tile or hardwood.

As for maintenance, while it’s easier to clean compared to many other types of flooring if not properly cared for, the finish can wear off over time, diminishing the appearance and necessitating replacement.

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Installation Process of Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring

Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT) is an excellent choice for those who want a durable and long-lasting flooring solution that is also easy to install. The installation process of LVT is straightforward and can be done as a DIY project by following these simple steps:

  1. Preparation: The first step in installing LVT is to prepare the subfloor. The subfloor must be clean, flat, and free of any debris or moisture. If there are any cracks or holes in the subfloor, they must be filled and leveled. The subfloor must also be primed before installation.
  2. Acclimation: Before installing LVT, it must be acclimated to the room’s temperature and humidity for at least 48 hours. This will prevent any expansion or contraction of the tiles after installation.
  3. Layout: Once the LVT has been acclimated, the next step is to lay out the tiles in the room to determine the best pattern and placement. This will also help to determine if any cuts are necessary.
  4. Cutting: If any cuts are necessary, they can be made using a utility knife or a vinyl tile cutter. It is important to measure twice and cut once to ensure a precise fit.
  5. Installation: The installation process of LVT can vary depending on the type of tile being used. However, most LVTs can be installed using a simple click-and-lock system. The tiles are connected together, and no adhesive is required. Some LVT may require adhesive, and in this case, it is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.
  6. Finishing: Once the LVT has been installed, the last step is to finish the edges with trim pieces. This will give the flooring a polished and professional look.

Overall, the installation process of Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring is simple and can be done by anyone with basic DIY skills. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully and to take the necessary precautions to ensure a successful installation. With proper installation, LVT can provide a durable and long-lasting flooring solution that is both beautiful and easy to maintain.

Maintenance and Care of Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring

Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT) flooring is a popular choice for homeowners because of its durability, versatility, and cost-effectiveness. However, like any flooring material, it requires proper maintenance and care to ensure its longevity.

1. Daily Care

To keep LVT floors looking their best, it is recommended to dry mop or vacuum daily to remove any grit that can cause scratches. Spills should be wiped up immediately to prevent stains that may be more difficult to remove later. For daily care, dust-mopping, vacuuming, or using a broom is recommended.

2. Cleaning

For regular cleaning, a moist cloth or mop using a neutral PH cleaner is recommended. Detergent cleaners can leave a residue, and over time, a cloudy film. Avoid using floor polish, wax, and oil soap as they can damage the floor’s surface. Rinse thoroughly after cleaning.

When damp mopping, use warm water and don’t flood the floor. Avoid using abrasive cleaners or scrubbers as they can damage the floor’s surface.

3. Preventative Measures

To prevent damage to LVT floors, it is recommended to use felt tip protectors on furniture and mats in entryways. Avoid dragging heavy furniture across the floor, as it can cause scratches and gouges.

It is also important to note that LVT flooring can be sensitive to sunlight and high temperatures. Avoid exposing the floor to direct sunlight for extended periods of time, and use window treatments to reduce UV exposure. Additionally, avoid using steam cleaners on LVT floors, as they can cause damage to the floor’s surface.

By following these simple maintenance and care tips, homeowners can ensure their LVT flooring remains beautiful and durable for years to come.

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Cost Analysis of Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring

Luxury vinyl tile (LVT) flooring is an affordable and durable alternative to traditional flooring options such as hardwood or tile. The cost of LVT flooring can vary depending on several factors such as the quality of the product, the size of the area to be covered, and the complexity of the installation.

According to HomeAdvisor, the average cost of LVT flooring installation is $6 per square foot, with a low of $3 and a high of $18 per square foot. This cost includes the price of the LVT tiles and the installation labor.

The cost of LVT flooring is relatively inexpensive compared to other flooring options. For example, the cost of hardwood flooring can range from $8 to $25 per square foot, while the cost of ceramic tile can range from $5 to $15 per square foot.

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When considering the cost of LVT flooring, it is important to keep in mind that the quality of the product can affect the overall cost. Higher quality LVT flooring may cost more upfront but can be more durable and long-lasting, ultimately saving money in the long run.

It is also important to factor in additional costs such as underlayment, adhesive, and trim pieces. These costs can vary depending on the specific product and installation requirements.

Overall, LVT flooring is an affordable and durable option for homeowners looking to update their flooring. With its low cost and easy installation, LVT flooring is an attractive option for those on a budget or those looking for a DIY project.

Environmental Impact of Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring

Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT) flooring is a popular choice for homeowners and businesses due to its durability, affordability, and ease of installation. However, there are concerns about the environmental impact of LVT flooring, particularly in terms of its production, disposal, and potential health risks.

1. Production

LVT flooring is made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a plastic material that is derived from fossil fuels. The production of PVC involves the use of toxic chemicals, such as vinyl chloride monomers, which can cause cancer and other health problems in workers exposed to them. In addition, the production of PVC releases greenhouse gases and other pollutants into the environment.

2. Disposal

LVT flooring is not biodegradable, which means that it cannot be broken down by natural processes. This means that it will remain in landfills indefinitely, taking up space and potentially leaching harmful chemicals into the soil and groundwater. Burning LVT flooring is also not a safe or environmentally friendly way of disposing of it, as it releases toxic chemicals into the air.

3. Health Risks

There are also concerns about the potential health risks associated with LVT flooring. PVC contains phthalates, which are chemicals that can disrupt hormones and cause a range of health problems, including reproductive issues and developmental delays in children. In addition, the off-gassing of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from LVT flooring can contribute to poor indoor air quality, which can cause respiratory problems and other health issues.

Overall, while LVT flooring may be a convenient and affordable option for some, it is important to consider the potential environmental and health impacts before making a decision.

Potential Drawbacks of Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring

While luxury vinyl tile (LVT) flooring has many advantages, there are some potential drawbacks to consider before making a purchase decision. Here are a few things to keep in mind:

1. Scratches and Dents

Despite being highly durable, LVT flooring is not completely scratch or dent-proof. Heavy furniture, sharp objects, and pet claws can all leave marks on the surface. While these scratches and dents may not affect the overall performance of the flooring, they can be unsightly and may require repair or replacement.

2. Limited Repair Options

If a section of LVT flooring becomes damaged, it can be difficult to repair without replacing the entire plank or tile. This is because the individual pieces are often glued down and cannot be easily removed without damaging adjacent pieces. Additionally, finding an exact match for the damaged piece may be challenging if the flooring has been discontinued or is no longer available.

3. Chemical Sensitivity

Some individuals may be sensitive to the chemicals used in the manufacturing of LVT flooring. These chemicals can emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the air, which can cause respiratory irritation or other health issues. It is important to choose a low-VOC or no-VOC option if this is a concern.

4. Temperature Sensitivity

LVT flooring can be sensitive to extreme temperatures. In very cold temperatures, the flooring may become brittle and more prone to cracking or breaking. In very hot temperatures, the flooring may expand and buckle. Proper installation and maintenance can help mitigate these issues, but it is important to keep the temperature range within the manufacturer’s recommended guidelines.

Overall, while there are some potential drawbacks to consider, LVT flooring remains a popular and versatile flooring option for many homeowners and businesses.


Having delved into the various aspects of Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring, it’s clear that this flooring option caters to a wide range of applications; from residential spaces to commercial settings.

With its impressive durability, resistance to numerous factors, versatile design options, and straightforward maintenance requirements, LVT flooring is proving a compelling choice for many.

However, it’s essential to consider certain challenges, such as initial installation costs and potential health implications of the materials used.

Therefore, it’s important to consider these facets when determining the suitability of LVT flooring for any given setting.

By doing so, the promise of an aesthetically pleasing, enduring, and versatile flooring solution could well be met with LVT flooring.

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Frequently Asked Questions On Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring

What are the pros and cons of LVT flooring?

Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT) flooring has several advantages, such as being durable, water-resistant, easy to clean, and available in a wide range of styles and patterns. However, some cons of LVT flooring include a higher cost compared to other flooring options, the possibility of fading or discoloration over time, and a hard surface that may be uncomfortable to stand on for long periods.

What is the difference between vinyl tile and luxury vinyl tile?

Vinyl tile and luxury vinyl tile (LVT) differ in several ways. Vinyl tile is typically a thinner and less durable option, while LVT is thicker and more durable. LVT also has a more realistic look and feel, often mimicking the appearance of natural materials like wood or stone.

Is luxury vinyl tile a good flooring option?

Yes, luxury vinyl tile (LVT) is a good flooring option for many homeowners. It is a durable and long-lasting option that is also water-resistant and easy to clean. LVT is also available in a wide range of styles and patterns, making it a versatile choice for any room in the home.

What is the cost of LVT flooring?

The cost of luxury vinyl tile (LVT) flooring can vary depending on several factors, such as the brand, style, and installation method. On average, LVT flooring can cost anywhere from $2 to $7 per square foot, with installation costs ranging from $1 to $3 per square foot.

What are some popular LVT flooring patterns?

Luxury vinyl tile (LVT) flooring is available in a wide range of patterns and styles, including options that mimic the look of natural materials like wood or stone. Some popular LVT patterns include herringbone, chevron, and wide plank.

What are the differences between LVT and laminate flooring?

LVT and laminate flooring are similar in that they are both affordable and versatile options for homeowners. However, LVT is generally more durable and water-resistant than laminate flooring, making it a better choice for high-traffic areas or rooms that are prone to moisture. LVT also has a more realistic look and feel, often mimicking the appearance of natural materials like wood or stone.

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